دکتر عبدالصمد احمدوند

وب سایت تخصصی ایمنی، بهداشت ، محیط زیست (HSE)

دکتر عبدالصمد احمدوند
خانه | موضوعات | موضوعات بهداشت | سروصدا | اصول آكوستيك و كنترل صدا

اصول آكوستيك و كنترل صدا

نویسنده
اصول آكوستيك و كنترل صدا اصول آكوستيك و كنترل صدا

INTRODUCTION Acoustics is the science of sound, that is, wave motion in gases, liquids and solids, and the effects of such wave motion. Thus the scope of acoustics ranges from fundamental physical acoustics to, say, bioacoustics, psychoacoustics and music, and includes technical fields such as transducer technology, sound recording and reproduction, design of theatres and concert halls, and noise control. The purpose of this note is to give an introduction to fundamental acoustic concepts, to the physical principles of acoustic wave motion, and to acoustic measurements

  FUNDAMENTALS OF ACOUSTICS AND NOISE CONTROL

    INTRODUCTION Acoustics is the science of sound, that is, wave motion in gases, liquids and solids, and the effects of such wave motion. Thus the scope of acoustics ranges from fundamental physical acoustics to, say, bioacoustics, psychoacoustics and music, and includes technical fields such as transducer technology, sound recording and reproduction, design of theatres and concert halls, and noise control. The purpose of this note is to give an introduction to fundamental acoustic concepts, to the physical principles of acoustic wave motion, and to acoustic measurements.

 



FUNDAMENTAL ACOUSTIC CONCEPTS One of the characteristics of fluids, that is, gases and liquids, is the lack of constraints to deformation. Fluids are unable to transmit shearing forces, and therefore they react against a change of shape only because of inertia. On the other hand a fluid reacts against a change in the volume with a change of the pressure. Sound waves are compressional oscillatory disturbances that propagate in a fluid. The waves involve molecules of the fluid moving back and forth in the direction of propagation (with no net flow), accompanied by changes in the pressure, density and temperature; see figure 1.2.1. The sound pressure, that is, the difference between the instantaneous value of the total pressure and the static pressure, is the quantity we hear. It is also much easier to measure the sound pressure than the other quantities. Note that sound waves are longitudinal waves, unlike bending waves on a beam or waves on a stretched string, which are transversal waves in which the particles move back and forth in a direction perpendicular to the direction of propagation.

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